Swadeshi has been described by Satish Kumar, founder and Director of Schumacher College in Devon as a programme for long term survival.
It is the principle of preferring the neighbouring to the remote.
It relates to need-based lives, ruling out unlimited consumption.
It is not autarky; but a needs-based global alternative.
Economic swadeshi was shaped by Gandhi, who advocated the production and use of indigenous food and goods. In 1956, the Khadi and Village Industries Commission was established in by Act of Parliament.
Active today, a list of its SMEs may be read here.
Swadeshi practices economics according to its original definition of good household management, seeking to preserve natural wealth and promote the balanced development of all regions and society as a whole.
It regards the market as an instrument, not as master; the swadeshi global view is “let a thousand markets bloom – and not merge into one global market”.